Topical Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses drugs that kill cancer cells. Topical chemotherapy means that an anti-cancer medicine is placed directly on the skin (usually in a cream or gel form.)

5-fluorouracil: The drug most often used in topical treatment of actinic keratoses, as well as some basal and squamous cell skin cancers, is 5-fluorouracil, or 5-FU (Efudex®, Carac®, Fluoroplex®, others). It is typically applied to the skin once or twice a day for several weeks.

Many different kinds of surgery can be used for basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers. The options for surgery depend on how large the cancer is, where it is on the body, and the specific type of skin cancer.